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Common types of cancer and treatments

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Common types of cancer and treatments

The word cancer strikes fear into the hearts of many people. It is a disease that no one wants to have. But, despite its horrific name, there are a lot of different types of cancer that can be identified by regular self-examination and testing for changes in the body. Knowing the different kinds of cancer and their treatments will allow you to protect yourself against this terrible disease.

Lung cancer:

One of the first types of cancer that can be identified is lung cancer or emphysema. This kind of cancer can spread through the tissue or completely through the air spaces within the lungs. Emphysema symptoms include persistent coughing with phlegm, wheezing, shortness of breath, and even chest pain. There is no cure for this type of cancer but there are ways of treating it and preventing it from recurring. Treatments for primary treatment of lung cancer include chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery.

Breasts cancer:

Secondary breast cancer is another very common type of cancer that can be identified through self-examination. This kind of cancer often affects elderly women and those who have had a mastectomy. Doctors will conduct a mammogram as well as a pelvic examination to determine if there are any abnormalities or if cancer has spread. Chemotherapy and radiation are normally the primary treatments for secondary breast cancer treatments.

Treatments for cancer:

Radiotherapy is also used very frequently today to treat cancer of the lymph nodes. This involves the use of high-energy energy rays, such as x-rays, to kill cancer cells in the lymph nodes. Some cancers, though, such as those of the bladder and pancreas, respond better to surgery. Chemotherapy is often used to treat tumors in the lung, liver, stomach, kidney, bones, and brain. Radiation therapy is often used along with surgery to target high-risk areas.

Cancer responds very well to early detection. The earlier the cancer is found, the better the chance that it can be treated effectively. However, you must know all the risk factors associated with cancer. In addition to knowing the risk factors for individual cancers, you should also be aware of the risk factors of some groups of cancers, such as colon and breast cancer. You should talk to your doctor about these risks if you’re concerned or if you’ve been diagnosed with one of them.